Medicinal Bee Plants

If you live in a tropical climate I strongly suggest you to visit and study the excellent website made by our wonderful German friend that now lives in Paradise = Brazil, Heilpraktiker Igor Rosegger .
His website, Matamba Nectar , has a special section dedicated, besides Yoga and Ayurveda, to themedicinal bee plants : http://www.matamba-nectar.org/html/list_of_medicinal_bee_plants.html
In Brazil also, please contact José Luiz Vazquez Seijas who wrote also a paper on Brazilian Medicinal Bee Plants. The e-mail of José Luiz is: josevazquezsj@yahoo.com.br + jvazquezseijas@gmail.com

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For medicinal bee plants in Turkey please contact our Apitherapy Internet Course graduate student, Mr. Orhan Kosi . His e-mail is: orhankosi@gmail.com

Mr Kosi has made an excellent presentation on the medicinal bee plants from Turkey during our XI-Th. Apitherapy Congress in Passau, Germany, on March 22-Nd. You find his PDF here:

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For medicinal plants in Morocco , please contact our very good friend, Pharm. Rachid Kacemi . His e-mail address is: kacemi@gmail.com

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For bee plants in Egypt , please read the article written by Dr. Hossam Abou-Shaara (Damanhour University): Bee Plants from Egypt

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Dear Bee and Nature Friends ,

The following over 120 plants have multiple uses: as food and medicinal sources for bees (nectar, pollen, resins and balsams), as food sources and natural drugs potentially for every living being, including us! If you have the possibility to protect or grow these plants please DO IT!!! Ask your local gardener, if necessary, for more “technical” advice. By protecting these plants you protect your own, and others, Life and Health! If you know of other medicinal bee plants in your area, please update us.

We will be happy to spread your word!

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MEDICINAL BEE TREES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
FIR TREE Abies alba buds, resins, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
SWEET CHESTNUT Castanea sativa

fruits, nectar, pollen 30-120 kg/ha
HORSE-CHESTNUT Aesculus hippocastanum

Aesculum hippocastanum

nectar, pollen, seeds 30-100 kg/ha
BEECH TREE Fagus silvatica leaves, bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 20 kg/ha
ASH TREE Fraxinus excelsior leaves, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
FIELD MAPLE Acer campestre bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 200-400 kg/ha
BIRCH TREE Betula alba

mesteceni (compressed)

leaves, resins, resins and balsams, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 8-10 kg/ha
ROUND LOGS SPRUCE Picea excelsa Resins, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
WALNUT Juglans regia

Juglans regia (Homesti), coroana, compressed

Leaves, fruits, pollen

nuci de la Salcioara (24 iunie 2006)

—-
GOLDEN RAINTREE Koelreuteria paniculata Flowers, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
NORWAY MAPLE Acer platanoides Flowers, bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 100-200 kg/ha
PINE Pinus silvestris Resins, buds, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
POPLAR Populus nigra

109_0996

buds, resins and balsams, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
JAPANESE PAGODA TREE Sophora japonica Leaves, flowering buds; small, young branches; fruits nectar, pollen 300-350 kg/ha
ACACIA Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudacacia young leaves

Flowers, pollen, nectar

bee near Robinia pseudacacia flower

1000 kg/ha
WHITE WILLOW Salix alba bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 100-120 kg/ha
GOAT WILLOW Salix caprea bark, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
OAK Quercus robur bark, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
SILVER LINDEN Tilia tomentosa flowers, nectar, pollen 1200 kg/ha
LARGE LEAVED LIME Tilia platyphyllos flowers, pollen, nectar 800 kg/ha
SMALL LEAVED LIME Tilia cordata flowers, nectar, pollen 1000 kg/ha
ELM TREE Ulmus campestris bark, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 8-10 kg/ha
HONEY-LOCUST TREE Gleditsia triacanthos fruits, nectar, pollen —-

 

SHRUBS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BILBERRY BUSH Vaccinium myrtillus Leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-12 kg/ha
GOOSEBERRY BARBERRY Ribes grossularia/uva crispa fruits, nectar, pollen 25-70 kg/ha
GOLDEN FLOWERING CURRANT Ribes aureum fruits, nectar, pollen —-
HAZELNUT TREE FILBERT Corylus avellana

Corylus avellana

fruits, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
BOX TREE Buxus sempervirens Leaves, roots, wood, nectar, pollen —-
SNOWBALL TREE Viburnum opulus bark, nectar, pollen 25-40 kg/ha
COMMON SEA BUCKTHORN Hippophae rhamnoides fruits, nectar, pollen 25 kg/ha
SALTCEDAR Tamarix ramosissima/galica bark, roots, branches, flowers, leaves with branches, nectar, pollen 25 kg/ha
BLACK CURRANT. CASSIS Ribes nigrum leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-30 kg/ha
ALDER BUCKTHORN Rhamnus frangula bark, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
BARBERRY Berberis vulgaris bark from the roots and stem, fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
IVY Hedera helix leaves, nectar, pollen —-
ROSEHIPS Hipberry Rosa canina

Rosa canina with bee (close-up)

pseudofruits, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
BLACKBERRY Rubus fruticosus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen —-
EUROPEAN DEWBERRY Rubus caesius fruits, nectar, pollen 30-50 kg/ha
 SMOOTH SUMAC Rhus glabra/tiphina nectar, pollen 30-60 kg/ha
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp.

Crataegus aus Bienenpark Ammerland, Germany

flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
CHRIST’S THORN Paliurus spina christi fruits, nectar
BLACKTHORN Prunus spinosa

bee with pollen on Prunus spinosa

flowers, fruits, bark of the roots + stem; pollen, nectar 25-40 kg/ha
ROSEMARY Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosmarinus officinalis (herba). Dublin 2005

flowers, nectar

Albina pe floare de Rosmarin la Atena in 2004

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CORNEL TREE (BLOODY TWING) Cornus sanguinea fruits, bark, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
VINE
Grape-vine
Vitis vinifera fruits, nectar, pollen 5-10 kg/ha
SWEET MOCK ORANGE. ENGLISH DOGWOOD Philadelphus coronarius flowers, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 50-200 kg/ha

FRUIT TREES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BLUEBERRY, Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus

leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen

fructe de afin

15-30 kg/ha
HAZELNUT Corylus avellana fruits, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
APRICOT TREE Prunus armeniaca fruits, nectar, pollen 25-40 kg/ha
CHERRY TREE Prunus avium fruits, nectar, pollen 20-40 kg/ha
WAX CHERRY TREE Prunus cerasifera fruits, nectar, pollen

 

25 kg/ha
CORNEL TREE Cornus mas

IMG_2989

leaves, bark, fruits, nectar, pollen

IMG_2993

20 kg/ha
MULBERRY TREE (White fruits) Morus alba leaves, fruits (i)mature bark of roots, pollen —-
MULBERRY TREE (Black fruits) Morus nigra leaves, fruits (i)mature, bark of roots, pollen —-
QUINCE TREE Cydonia oblonga fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
LEMON TREE Citrus limon fruits, nectar, pollen —-
APPLE TREE Malus domestica fruits, nectar, pollen

Elvetia-fall '05 029

20-30 kg/ha
ALMOND TREE Prunus amygdalus fruits, nectar, pollen
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp.

IMG_0204

flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen

IMG_0808

35-100 kg/ha
PEAR TREE Pyrus communis leaves, fruits, bark, nectar, pollen 8-20 kg/ha
PEACH TREE Prunus persica flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 20-40 kg/ha
PLUM TREE Prunus domestica fruits, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
CHERRY TREE (Sour fruits) Prunus cerasus fruits, nectar, pollen 30-40 kg/ha
VINE (Grape-vine) Vitis vinifera leaves, grapes, spring sap, wine, nectar, pollen 5-10 kg/ha
RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 50-200 kg/ha

TREES, SHRUBS for HEDGES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BILBERRY Vaccinium myrtillus

IMG_0132

nectar, pollen, leaves, fruits 15-30 kg./ha
BOX TREE Buxus sempervirens leaves, roots, wood, nectar, pollen —-
ALDER BUCKTHORN Rhamnus frangula bark, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
BARBERRY Berberis vulgaris bark of roots and stem, fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
HONEY-LOCUST TREE (Gleditsia Gleditsia triacanthos

IMG_0469

fruits, nectar, pollen —-
LILAC Syringa vulgaris flowers, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
ROSEHIPS Rosa canina

Rosa canina with bee (close-up)

pseudo-fruits, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp. flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
CHRIST’S THORN Paliurus spina christi fruits, nectar —-
BLACK THORN Prunus spinosa

Albina in zbor stationar pe Prunus spinosa (porumbar)

flowers, fruits,

Closeup of blackthorn aka sloe aka prunus spinosa sweden 20050924.jpg

bark from roots + stem; pollen, nectar

25-40 kg/ha
ROSEMARY Rosmarinus officinalis flowers, nectar

—-
ACACIA Robinia pseudoacacia flowers,

bee near Robinia pseudacacia flower

pollen, nectar

1000 kg/ha !!
BUCKTHORN Rhamnus cathartica fruits, nectar —-
HIBISCUS SP. Hibiscus esculentum.

Hibiscus trionum

herba, nectar, pollen —-
VERVAIN Verbena officinalis nectar —-

PERENNIAL MEDICINAL BEE PLANTS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
ANGELICA Archangelica officinalis fruits, roots, nectar, pollen 90 kg/ha
ARTICHOKE Cynara scolymus leaves, nectar, pollen 150-400 kg/ha
BEAR’S GARLIC Allium ursinum

IMG_0120

nectar, pollen, leaves

allium_ursinum_leaves

1kg./day/hive
COMFREY Symphitum officinale

tataneasa

nectar, pollen, roots

Flori de tataneasa

130-220 kg./ha
OREGANO Origanum vulgare herba, essential oils, nectar, pollen —-
CATMINT Nepeta cataria nectar, leaves, flowers with stems
CHICORY Cichorium intybus herba, roots, rhizome, nectar, pollen 100 kg/ha
SHEPHERD’S THYME Thymus serpyllum herba, nectar, pollen 200 kg/ha
THYME Thymus vulgaris herba, seeds, nectar, pollen
FOENICULUM Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Seeds, nectar, pollen 25-100 kg/ha
SNOWDROP Galanthus nivalis bulb, nectar, pollen —-
BIRD’S FOOT TREFOIL Lotus corniculatus leaves, flowers, nectar, pollen 15-30 kg/ha
HOPS Humulus lupulus cones, nectar —-
HYSSOP Hyssopus officinalis herba, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50-100 kg/ha
LAVENDER Lavandula angustifolia

albina pe levantica, la Mereni

flowers, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50-100 kg/ha
ALFALFA Medicago sativa germinated seeds, nectar, pollen 25-200 kg/ha
MINT Mentha piperita herba, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
MALLOW Malva silvestris ripped seeds, nectar, pollen 30-50 kg/ha
DANDELION Taraxacum officinale

104_0490

herba, roots, nectar, pollen

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

200 kg/ha
COLT’S FOOT Tussilago farfara L. flowers, leaves, nectar, pollen —-
EPILOBIUM, Willow herb Chamenerion/Epilobium hyrsutum herb, nectar, pollen 40-60 kg/ha
BALM MINT Melissa officinalis

IMG_4886

leaves, nectar, pollen 100-150 kg/ha
MEADOW SAGE, GARDEN SAGE Salvia pratensis, Salvia off. leaves, nectar, pollen 280 kg/ha
SEA HOLLY; FIELD ERYNGO Eryngium planum, campestre herba, nectar, pollen 100-150 kg/ha
ASPARAGUS Asparagus officinalis plant, nectar, pollen —-
GOLDEN ROD Solidago virgaurea herba, nectar, pollen
SWEET CLOVER (Melilot) Melilotus officinalis

Bee on yellow melilotus

Bee on white melilotus

young branches, nectar, pollen 150-300 kg/ha
MOTHERWORT Leonurus cardiaca

IMG_5122

young branches, nectar, pollen 200-400 kg/ha
WHITE CLOVER Trifolium repens flowers, nectar, pollen 100-250 kg/ha
RED CLOVER Trifolium pratense flowers, nectar, pollen 25-50 kg/ha
HOREHOUND Marrubium vulgare young branches, nectar, pollen 50 kg/ha
DEAD NETTLE Lamium album herba, nectar, pollen 50-150 kg/ha
MISTLETOE Viscum album leaves, branches, nectar —-
 HEMP-AGRIMONY/
HOLY ROPE
Eupatorium cannabinum herba, nectar, pollen —-
SPEEDWELL Veronica officinalis flowers, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
SAINT JOHN’S WORT Hypericum perforatum

best 5

herba, pollen

best 5 (ultra-cropped)

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ANNUAL MEDICINAL BEE PLANTS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
CORN FLOWER Centaurea cyanus flowers, nectar, pollen 60 kg/ha
DILL Anethum graveolens herba, nectar, pollen —–
ANISE Pimpinella anisum fruits, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50 kg/ha
BASIL Ocimum basilicum

Bee on basil (cropped)

herba without old (woody) branches, essential oils, nectar, pollen 100-120 Kg/ha
CORIANDER Coriandrum sativum

 

seeds, nectar, pollen 100-500 kg/ha
PUMPKIN Cucurbita maxima

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

seeds, nectar, pollen 75-105 kg/ha
BEAN Phaseolus vulgaris hull of seeds (fructus phaseoli sine semine); nectar —-
SUNFLOWER Helianthus annuus

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

seeds, oil, nectar, pollen 34-102 kg/ha
MARIGOLD Calendula officinalis

IMG_0730

flowers, nectar, pollen

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

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BUCKWHEAT Fagopyrum esculentum seeds, herba with flowers; nectar, pollen 50-60 kg/ha
LING Calluna vulgaris Small young branches with complete open leaves, nectar, pollen 200 kg/ha
FLAX Linum usitatissimum seeds, nectar, pollen 10 kg/ha
RED POPPY Papaver rhoeas

Fundort: Holzplatz Thalheim

seeds, pollen, nectar —-
MUSTARD (white) Sinapis alba seeds, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
CHARLOCK Sinapis arvensis seeds, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
MELON Cucumis melo fruit, nectar, pollen 10-40 Kg/ha
WATER MELLON Citrullus lanatus fruit, seeds, nectar, pollen 40-100 kg/ha
CORN Zea mays stygmata maydis; seeds; pollen —-
RADISH Raphanus sativus nectar, pollen 40-50 kg/ha
BEET Beta vulgaris roots, nectar, pollen 5-15 kg/ha
WHITE SWEET CLOVER Melilotus alba flowers, herba, nectar, pollen 200-500 kg/ha
CABBAGE Brassica oleracea leaves, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
VERVAIN Verbena officinalis herba, nectar —-